gardening tips

Each month we remind you what to do, what to plant, and how to enjoy your central east coast Florida garden…

what to do in your garden in April

Each month we remind you what to do, what to plant, and how to enjoy your central east coast Florida garden…

Check your irrigation system. Make sure that “all systems are go” as the sunny days get longer. Clean sprinkler heads and adjust the range to make sure you are watering only your lawn and garden and not your driveway and street. If you water with well water, you might want to get your water tested (a free service at Rockledge Gardens), since salt content can change from time to time depending on rainfall. Finally, be sure to set your system to run only twice per week and don’t forget to turn the system off when we get a good rainfall. Our water is a precious commodity.

Consider planting ground covers as an alternative to grass. There are many options available; many ground covers require less care, chemicals, and water than turf grasses do.

Mulch flower and shrub beds to help conserve water and to help deter weed growth. Apply mulch 2 to 3 inches deep, and be sure to keep it away from the base of the plant or tree.

Prune azaleas when blooms have expired. After pruning, fertilize with Holly Tone. 

Watch for thrips on your roses and gardenias. Thrips affect the buds of these flowers in particular (and seem partial to light colors), causing discoloration and bud drop. Thrips can be controlled with a natural pyrethrin spray. Using blue insect trap cards can also be effective. 

It’s a great time to plant tropical fruit trees and citrus. 

Butterflies are very active in the warmer season. Consider planting a butterfly garden this month. Remember—no pesticides! Vegetables and herbs to plant now include: basil, beans, cantaloupe, chives, cilantro, collards, corn, dill, lemon balm, marjoram, Mexican tarragon, mint, okra, oregano, peppers, rosemary, sage, sweet potatoes, tomatoes, thyme, and watermelon.

April spotlight

Annuals and perennials to plant now include: bush daisy, caladium, coleus, cosmos, dahlia, dahlberg daisy, gaillardia, gazania, geraniums (above), gerbera daisy, kalanchoe, lantana, lobelia, milkweed, pentas, portulaca, purslane, salvia, torenia, verbena, vinca, wax begonias, and zinnias.